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Formula E : Racing Rules & Regulations

Welcome to the electrifying world of Formula E! As the global spotlight on electric mobility continues to shine, the future of racing has moved forward into a new era. This blog delves into the intricate world of Formula E rules and regulations, providing a comprehensive guide to understanding how these eco-friendly speedsters take to the track. From Formula E races that keep you on the edge of your seat to the awe-inspiring talents of Formula E drivers, we are here to uncover the thrilling dynamics of this high-voltage motorsport. Whether you are a seasoned fan or new to Formula E racing, this blog promises to be your go-to resource for all things electric and exciting.

So, let us explore the fascinating world of the Formula E, where sustainability meets speed and rules the racetrack !

History of Formula E

In 2014, Formula E made its debut in Beijing, China, marking the inception of a global all-electric racing championship. In collaboration with FIA President Jean Todt, Alejandro Agag transformed their restaurant conversation from 2011 into a reality. The inaugural season of Formula E served as a compelling showcase for the capabilities of electric race cars. Lucas Di Grassi etched his name in history by winning the first race in Beijing, signifying the start of a new era in motorsports.

The Cars of Formula E

One of the defining features of Formula E is its unique racing cars. Over the years, the championship has seen the evolution of three generations of cars – Gen1, Gen2, and the upcoming Gen3. Each generation represents a leap forward regarding technology, performance, and sustainability.

Gen1 Cars

The Gen1 cars were introduced in the inaugural season of the Formula E race. These cars displayed impressive acceleration, going from 0 to 100km/h in 3 seconds, with a maximum power output of 201bhp. The Gen1 cars played a crucial role in establishing Formula E as a legitimate racing series and showcased the potential of electric vehicles on the track.

Gen2 Cars

In the 2018-2019 season, Formula E introduced the Gen2 cars, representing a significant leap forward in performance and design. These cars were equipped with 250kW batteries, allowing them to reach a top speed of 280 km/h. With an acceleration time of 0 to 100km/h in 2.8 seconds, the Gen2 cars showcased rapid advancements in electric vehicle technology.

Gen3 Cars (Upcoming)

The upcoming Gen3 cars are set to take Formula E racing to new heights. These cars are expected to have a top speed of 322 km/h, making them the fastest Formula E cars. What sets the Gen3 cars apart is their focus on sustainability and efficiency. With 350kWh batteries and a regenerative braking system, these cars will be the most efficient formula cars yet, with nearly 40% of the energy used during a race being produced through regenerative braking. Using natural and environmentally friendly materials in constructing cars further emphasizes Formula E's commitment to sustainability.

The Formula E Race Format

Formula E races are unique in the world of motorsports. The format of the races is designed to test both the drivers' skills and the teams' strategic prowess. Let us take a closer look at how Formula E races unfold.

The Track

Unlike traditional racing championships, Formula E races take place on temporary street circuits (with the exception of the 2023 Portland, Oregon USA race which was on a permanent road race course!). These circuits are constructed on the main streets of cities worldwide, adding an extra level of excitement and challenge to the races and promise to provide a thrilling spectacle for both drivers and spectators.

Race Duration

Formula E races have a unique duration compared to other racing championships. Instead of a set number of laps, the races are time-based. Each race lasts 45 minutes, with an additional lap to complete after the time elapses. This format ensures that every second counts and adds an element of unpredictability to the races.

Managing Power

In Formula E, managing power is just as important as driving skills. Each car has limited energy available for the race, and teams must strategize to maximize their performance while conserving energy. This adds a strategic element to the races, as drivers and teams must find the right balance between speed and energy efficiency. Battery life and energy consumption become critical factors that can make or break a race.

Deciding the Winner

To determine the winner of a Formula E race, the driver who moves crosses the finish line after completing the 45-minute race duration, and the additional lap wins. However, the race is not solely about speed. Points are awarded to drivers depending on their finishing positions, following the standard FIA scoring system.

The winner of a Formula E race earns 25 points, while the second-place driver gets 18, and so on down to tenth place, which gets 1 point. Additionally, three bonus points go to the driver who starts the race from the pole position and two points to the one with the fastest lap during the race. These rules make sure that the competition stays intense and that skill and strategy play a crucial role in Formula E racing. At the end of the season, the Formula E driver with the most points is declared the overall champion.

The Role of FIA in Formula E

The FIA (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile) is crucial in overseeing and regulating Formula E. The FIA ensures that all aspects of the championship adhere to their standards and guidelines. Key officials and scrutineers are present at every race to monitor and control the stewards and marshals, ensuring the event's smooth and safe running. The involvement of the FIA provides credibility and integrity to Formula E as a world-class racing championship.

License Requirements in Formula E

Formula E racing has some important rules regarding licenses and how drivers and teams earn points. First off, everyone involved, from drivers to competitors and officials, must have two specific types of licenses. One is the Grade B FIA International driver's license, a standard racing requirement. The second is the FIA 'eLicense,' a unique qualification tailored for Formula E.

Participating Teams and Drivers

Formula E boasts a diverse lineup of teams and drivers, each bringing unique skills and expertise to the championship. In the 2014/2015 season, twenty Formula E drivers representing ten teams competed in the FIA Formula E Championship. Each team was allowed to enter two reserve drivers as well. This dynamic mix of talent ensures fierce competition and thrilling races throughout the season.

Testing and Development

Testing and development are crucial in forming Formula E. Teams, and drivers are provided with fixed test days to fine-tune their cars and strategies. Each season has five pre-season test days, two in-season test days, and two post-season test days. These test sessions allow teams to gather valuable data and improve their cars and performance. Private testing is not permitted, ensuring fairness and equal opportunities for all teams.

The Rewards of Formula E

Formula E not only offers thrilling races but also rewards excellence and achievement. The top three drivers in each race are presented with trophies on the podium, celebrating their success. At the end of the season, the driver and team champions are crowned, and they receive special trophies in recognition of their outstanding performances throughout the championship. Additionally, the drivers and teams are awarded prize money, further incentivizing their dedication and commitment to Formula E.


In conclusion, Formula E racing is redefining the future of motorsports by showcasing the potential of electric vehicles on the track. With its innovative race format, unique street circuits, and emphasis on energy management, Formula E has captured the attention of motorsport enthusiasts and environmental advocates alike.

As we have explored the history, cars, race format, and regulations that shape this championship, it is evident that Formula E represents the future of racing. The involvement of the FIA and the strict license requirements add credibility and integrity to this world-class racing championship, ensuring that excellence and safety go hand in hand.

With each new season, Formula E remains at the forefront of advancing electric vehicle technology, and the forthcoming Gen3 cars promise even greater sustainability and speed.

So, whether you are a seasoned fan or new to Formula E races, be prepared for an incredible journey through eco-friendly racing.

Stay tuned for more high-voltage action in Formula E's exciting chapters yet to come!




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